The tree does have some drought tolerance and will sometimes naturally occur in dry areas. Fitted with a bottom and removable cover, along with one or … You’ll get crimson, orange and even purple leaves growing on this tree. The wood can be readily pulped and is used for high-grade book and magazine papers. If you traveled through Worcester, Massachusetts, you have seen the damage that the Asian long horned beetle (ALB) has done to the maples. At the dawn of spring, when the world lights up in green, the Wildfire Black Gum stands out with deep ruby red leaves. Its fall foliage is a showstopper, with leaves turning various shades of orange, yellow, red and a striking purple. (Sawing and Drying Forum) A middle-aged black gum tree. On the other hand, different species of trees have various levels of hardness just as synthetic toothbrushes would, so careful selection of the right hardness is required before use. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. The Black gum tree, native to the island was key in this production. Feed the tree in the fall with a slow-release granular fertilizer. Though they grow at a fairly moderate pace, Black Gum are large trees at maturity, so give them as much clearance from the fence as you are able. Nate Torenvliet describes finding a 580-year-old black gum tree in the Niagara region of Ontario. June 30, 2009, KnowledgeBase: Primary Processing: Air Drying Lumber, KnowledgeBase: Wood Engineering: Wood Properties. This excurrent growth habit is rare for most hardwoods in our region. One of the uses of hollow Black Gum logs was (and still is, sometimes) as "bee gums." New Hampshire’s (NH) native Nyssa sylvatica, commonly referred to as black gum, is one example of a native species that can be successfully incorporated into the urban landscape. It isn’t the prettiest name, but wait until you see the gorgeous fiery fall color. This tree is known to the Islanders as the Beetlebung Tree. Black gum is becoming a popular landscaping tree. Between trees, a minimum of perhaps 20' (trunk to trunk) would be good; further is even better, though certainly trees in the wild can grow much closer to each other than this. Although black gum often grows in swamps, it has been found growing well on dry sites and has shown the ability to tolerate droughts, which may be attributed to its genetic ability to grow a deep root system. Nyssa sylvatica A native to the eastern U.S., Black Gum is noted for its outstanding and consistent fall red color. Black tupelo gum trees were also once prolific in the area, and it is this tree that is noted for its dazzling red foliage in the fall. Medicinal use of Black Tupelo: The bark is emetic, ophthalmic and vermifuge. Black tupelo gum trees were also once prolific in the area, and it is this tree that is noted for its dazzling red foliage in the fall. Fortunately, at this time there are no serious pests or diseases that attack black gum in NH. Many limb sections have large bark inclusions which add character to the turnings, but also increase the risk of the piece breaking apart during turning. The wood has also been used to make baskets and handles. High in fat and fiber, the tree’s fruit is an important food source for black bears In colonial times, the strong wood of the black gum was used for water pipes During spring season, the black gum qualifies for our RiverSmart Homes program! Juvenile sprigs from this species are often used in the floral design industry, as … Large leaders often tear off at the union and cause large wounds on the trunk, which may ultimately result in the removal of the tree. Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Sawyers discuss how to handle Black Gum wood, and what you can make with it. Cory Keeffe is the Community Forester for the State of NH’s Division of Forests and Lands. Its much lighter than oak and wouldn't have to hold up to the elements, as cribbing is usually destroyed before it can rot anyway. The wood can be readily pulped and is used for high-grade book and magazine papers. Urban trees face shortened life expectancy for several reasons: When trees are able and encouraged to grow to their maximum potential they can provide a tremendous amount of economic, environmental, and social benefits to our communities. The excurrent or pyramidal growth habit, similar to the form of Quercus palustris and several coniferous tree species, is a favored attribute for trees in the urban environment. Eucalyptus nitens, shining gum. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Although it performs best on moist, acidic soil, it adapts to extreme climates and is resistant to drought and ﬂ ood damage. Culture: This beautiful tree can be used as a shade or orna-mental tree in a variety of soil types and climates. To learn more about identifying black gum trees visit Virginia dendrology, or reference the Manual of Woody Landscapes by Michael Dirr, Peterson’s Eastern Trees Field Guide, or other tree ID guides. Also commonly called black tupelo or sourgum, the black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a lesser known native tree species that does not, in fact, produce a gum of any sort. Native to Japan, Korea, and eastern China, multiflora rose (... Forests are a precious resource in New Hampshire, where much of... *Pictured above: improperly applied mulch, University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Birds and squirrels favor the fruit produced by black gum, which can be beneficial for a community if objectives are to increase wildlife activity. In the past, blackgum was used for oxen yokes and chopping bowls due to the toughness resulting from the interlocked grain. I first became acquainted with black gums on an outing to Grassie, Ontario with a local tree group, and it was a meeting I would not forget. Blackgum trees are considered one of our most beautiful native trees. It has a sweet odor when cut, a tight and tortuous grain pattern with burl characteristics, especially in the crooked limbs. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. Use your face shield (voice of personal experience). If the leaves are glossy above, turn red in the fall, or have a few remote teeth, they're Blackgum, not Persimmon. What are some potential uses of black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)? PHOTO: U.S. FOREST SERVICE … Decurrent trees require more pruning to improve structure, have higher maintenance costs, and a higher chance for litigations when compared to a species with an excurrent form such as black gum. Another name for the Black Gum is the Black Tupelo. Brown. This tree looks stressed. One of the uses of hollow Black Gum logs was (and still is, sometimes) as "bee gums." The Blackgum tree, Nyssa sylvatica, is also known as the Black Tupelo or Sourgum. Species such as elms that have an upright growth habit develop leaders with narrow crotches that are much more likely to develop included bark between the union when compared to a branch with a wide angle of attachment to the trunk. The wood is used for veneer, plywood, boxes, pulp, tool handles, gunstocks, docks, and wharves. It is thought of as one of the five best shade trees in America. Included bark between a co-dominant stem results in an extremely weak connection. During the fall season the dark green leaves turn into a spectacular purple, then into a scarlet-red color. 1. Copyright © 2020 University of New Hampshire, TTY Users: 7-1-1 or 800-735-2964 (Relay NH), Conservation and Stewardship in a Changing Climate, Invasive in the Spotlight: Multiflora Rose, substandard planting and pruning techniques. The wood is beautiful and it's often used as a veneer for plywood. Because of its twisted grain, black gum cannot be split so it has been somewhat spared by lumbermen. When soils are compacted, their pores, which are responsible for drainage, are crushed. I have done several turnings from a down black gum on my property, and they are beautiful. 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